Journal Watch

  1. Nocturnal HD Improves Nutritional Status

    A metaanalysis was conducted of 9 studies with 229 patients who switched from standard to nocturnal HD. Those on nocturnal HD had significantly higher levels of serum albumin and protein and energy intake.

    Read the abstract » | (added 07/12/2016)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  2. Independence, Flexibility and Quality of Life Matter to Patients

    For the PCORI-funded Empowering Patients on Choices for Renal Replacement Therapy (EPOCH-RRT), 180 people not yet on dialysis or using standard HD or PD were interviewed to identify the factors in their choice of a dialysis option. Independence, quality and quantity of life, and daily schedule flexibility mattered most—and 47% of those on standard HD said the choice had not been theirs. (NOTE: Ironically, the EPOCH-RRT decision aid omits home HD, an option that offers independence, quality of life, better survival, and schedule flexibility, as we have blogged here and here).

    Read the abstract » | (added 07/12/2016)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Hemodialysis

  3. For HD Survival, Home Beats In-Center

    An observational study looked back at 41 incident patients starting home HD and matched them to patients starting in-center HD by sex, age, comorbidity, and start date. Mean survival on home HD was 17.3 years, vs. 13 years in-center. Home HD patients also had significantly lower phosphate levels and did not require blood pressure medications.

    Read the abstract » | (added 07/12/2016)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  4. A New Way to Correct PD Catheter Malposition and Blockage

    Researchers in China developed a new, minimally invasive technique to reposition and unblock PD catheters. Tested in 16 PD patients, a surgeon made a small (3cm) incision under local anesthesia, disected the tissue, and pulled out the catheter. Adhesions were separated and a new catheter placed with forceps and stitched in place. After 6 months, all of the catheters were working.

    Read the abstract » | (added 07/12/2016)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis

  5. PD Survival and Serum Sodium – Not What You Might Think

    In an analysis of 4,687 people on PD between 2007 and 2011, those whose serum sodium levels were <140 mEq/L had a higher death rate than those with higher levels. Further studies are needed to see if correcting the sodium levels helps people live longer on PD.

    Read the abstract » | (added 07/12/2016)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis

  6. PD or In-Center HD: Which is Better for Transplant?

    An analysis of 12 studies found that doing PD before a transplant had significanlty less delayed graft function than those who did standard in-center HD. While on dialysis, PD had better 5-year survival than standard HD, too. There were no differences in the rates of acute rejection or transplant survival. Watch a Video Journal Club of this study on 'Cappuccino with Claudio Ronco'

    Read the abstract » | (added 07/12/2016)

    Tags: Peritoneal Dialysis, Hemodialysis

  7. Outset Medical Tablo Human Factors Testing

    Journal articles don’t tend to give product names, so we read between the lines to tell you that human factors testing on Outset’s Tablo home HD machine found 2.9 errors for patients—and 4.4 for nurses or technicians—out of 1,710 opportunities for error. None of the errors was safety related.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/08/2016)

    Tags: Hemodialysis

  8. WAK Clearance of Potassium and Phosphorus in Goats

    Wearable dialysis could ease fluctuations in potassium and phosphorus vs. intermittent HD. A sorbent based wearable device tested on goats found constant levels of potassium and phosphate adsorption.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/08/2016)

    Tags: Http://Www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/Pubmed/27220758

  9. Patient Costs As A Challenge For Home Dialysis Choice

    Interviews with 43 home dialysis patients and 9 care partners found that fears of lost work productivity, out of pocket expenses, and socioeconomic disadvantage were challenges to choosing home dialysis. Patients weighed flexibility against training time and costs, and housing was not always suitable.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/08/2016)

    Tags: Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis

  10. Nocturnal HD Protects Bones Better Than Standard HD

    Compared to 52 patients on conventional HD, 36 patients on nocturnal HD had better bone mineral density at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and hip after one year.

    Read the abstract » | (added 06/08/2016)

    Tags: Hemodialysis